Sunday, December 30, 2012
Saturday, December 29, 2012
Friday, December 28, 2012
Lumière (left) and Louis Lumière (right)|
The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas (19 October 1862 - 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean (5 October 1864 – 6 June 1948), were the earliest filmmakers in history.
The Lumières held their first private screening of projected motion pictures in 1895. Their first public screening of films at which admission was charged was held on December 28, 1895, at Salon Indien du Grand Café in Paris. This history-making presentation featured ten short films, including their first film, Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon (Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory). Each film is 17 meters long, which, when hand cranked through a projector, runs approximately 50 seconds.
It is believed their first film was actually recorded that same year (1895) with Léon Bouly's cinématographe device, which was patented the previous year. The cinématographe — a three-in-one device that could record, develop, and project motion pictures — was further developed by the Lumières.
The public debut at the Grand Café came a few months later and consisted of the following ten short films (in order of presentation):
The Lumières went on tour with the cinématographe in 1896, visiting Bombay, London, Montreal, New York and Buenos Aires.
The moving images had an immediate and significant influence on popular culture with L'Arrivée d'un Train en Gare de la Ciotat (literally, "the arrival of a train at La Ciotat", but more commonly known as Arrival of a Train at a Station) and Carmaux, défournage du coke (Drawing out the coke). Their actuality films, or actualités, are often cited as the first, primitive documentaries. They also made the first steps towards comedy film with the slapstick of L'Arroseur Arrosé.
The world's first film poster, for 1895's L'Arroseur arrosé|
Thursday, December 27, 2012
Wednesday, December 26, 2012
John Slidell (1793–1871)|
Monday, December 24, 2012
Sunday, December 23, 2012
Saturday, December 22, 2012
Thursday, December 20, 2012
Tuesday, December 18, 2012
Monday, December 17, 2012
“I took twelve turkeys to Dowdle & Townsend this morning 160 lbs and got 400# sugar $4.55 and a bbl of oil 5 ½ c.”
Sunday, December 16, 2012
Mr. & Mrs. Haden Edwards|
Friday, December 14, 2012
Thursday, December 13, 2012
Tuesday, December 11, 2012
Wallis Simpson in 1936